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Storms in the sea are one of the most feared weather phenomena for sailors, the lightning causes numerous accidents on the high seas and also in ports. When lightning strikes the mast of a sailboat, the energy seeks the shortest path to reach land by water. In its path, the lightning current generates effects that destroy electronic equipment, which can even cause the perforation of the hull, which becomes a waterway. During the fraction of seconds the lightning strike lasts, the entire crew is at risk of an electric shock, whose effects can range from simple electrostatic discharge to death by electrocution.
Various lightning protection systems are known, all of them based on passive ionization, they are usually pointed or multi-point vase shaped elements. These systems excite, looking for the creation and capture of the beam at the highest point of the boat. Unfortunately with these systems it is not possible to control the lightning discharge energy, which can cause electrical effects that damage the electronics, communications or electrical part, or endanger the health of the crew.
CAN WE PROTECT OUR BOATS SAFELY?